While the open design of a scooter reveals the attractiveness of the technology, it also makes it more vulnerable. Rust and corrosion can develop even if high-quality components are used. A rusty exhaust pipe may go unnoticed on a car, however, it detracts from the overall appearance of a scooter. Frequent and proper care does not only comply with the terms of the warranty, but it will also keep your scooter looking good, extend its life and optimize its performance.
1. Cover the muffler outlet with a plastic bag after the engine has cooled down.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers as well as all electrical couplers and connectors, including the spark plug cap, are tightly installed.
3. 3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt, like oil burnt onto the crankcase, with a degreasing agent applied onto a brush.
Cleaning CAUTION: Avoid using strong acidic wheel cleaners, especially on spoked wheels. If such products are used on hard-to-remove dirt, do not leave the cleaner on the affected area any longer than instructed. Also, thoroughly rinse the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then apply a corrosion protection spray.
Improper cleaning can damage windshields, cowlings, panels and other plastic parts. Use only a soft, clean cloth or sponge with mild detergent and water to clean plastic.
Do not use any harsh chemical products on plastic parts. Be sure to avoid using cloths or sponges which have been in contact with strong or abrasive cleaning products, solvent.
For scooters equipped with a windshield: Do not use strong cleaners or hard sponges as they will cause dulling or scratching. Some cleaning compounds for plastic may leave scratches on the windshield. Test the product on a small hidden part of the windshield to make sure that it does not leave any marks.
After Normal Care
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild detergent, and a soft, clean sponge, and then rinse thoroughly with clean water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt and insects will come off more easily if the area is covered with a wet cloth for a few minutes before cleaning. After riding in the rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed roads, since sea salt or salt sprayed on the road during winter are extremely corrosive in combination with water, carry out the following steps after each ride in the rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed roads. NOTE: Salt sprayed roads in the winter may remain well into spring.
1. Clean the scooter with cold water and mild detergent after the engine has cooled down. Caution: Do not use warm water since it increases the corrosive action of salt.
2. Apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal, including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent corrosion.
1. Dry the scooter with a chamois or an absorbing cloth.
2. Use a chrome polish to shine chrome, aluminum and stainless-steel parts, including the exhaust system.(Even the thermally induced discoloring of stainless-steel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.)
3. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal, including chrome and nickel-plated, surfaces.
4. Use spray oil as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.
5. Touch up minor paint damage caused by stones, etc.
6. Wax all painted surfaces.
7. Let the scooter dry completely before storing or covering it.
WARNING: Make sure that there is no oil or wax on the brakes or tyres. If necessary, clean the brake discs and brake linings with a regular brake disc cleaner or acetone, and wash the tyres with warm water and a mild detergent.
Before operating the scooter, test its braking performance and cornering behavior.
CAUTION: Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and make sure to wipe off any excess. Never apply oil or wax to any rubber and plastic parts, but treat them with a suitable care product. Avoid using abrasive polishing compounds as they will wear away the paint.
NOTE: Consult a SKAD dealer for advice on what products to use
Tip: Always store your scooter in a cool, dry place and, if necessary, protect it against dust with a porous cover.
Storing the scooter in a poorly ventilated room or covering it with a tarp, while it is still wet, will allow water and humidity to seep in and cause rust. To prevent corrosion, avoid damp cellars, stables (because of the presence of ammonia) and areas where strong chemicals are stored.
Before storing your scooter for several months:
1. Follow all the instructions in the “Care” section of this chapter.
2. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel stabilizer (if available) to prevent the fuel tank from rusting and the fuel from deteriorating.
3. Perform the following steps to protect the cylinder, piston rings, etc. from corrosion.
a. Remove the spark plug cap and spark plug.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil into the spark plug bore.
c. Install the spark plug cap onto the spark plug, and then place the spark plug on the cylinder head so that the electrodes are grounded. (This will limit sparking during the next step.)
d. Turn the engine over several times with the starter. (This will coat the cylinder wall with oil.)
e. Remove the spark plug cap from the spark plug, and then install the spark plug and the spark plug cap.
4. To prevent damage or injury from sparking, make sure to ground the spark plug electrodes while turning the engine over.
5. Lubricate all control cables and the pivoting points of all levers and pedals as well as of the side stand /center stand.
6. Check and, if necessary, correct the tire air pressure, and then lift the scooter so that both of its wheels are off the ground. Alternatively, turn the wheels a little every month in order to prevent the tyres from becoming degraded in one spot.
7. Cover the muffler outlet with a plastic bag to prevent moisture from entering it.
8. Remove the battery and fully charge it. Store it in a cool, dry place and charge it once a month. Do not store the battery in an excessively cold or warm place [less than 0 °C (30 °F) or more than 30 °C (90 °F)].
NOTE: Make any necessary repairs before storing the scooter.
Tip: Keep a low pressure tire gauge (0psi - 80psi) in your bike tool bag at all times. Try to remember to check your tire pressure every time you fill up for petrol.
Keep your tyres correctly inflated. A tyre that is under-inflated generates a lot of heat which can lead to a blow out. Tyres that run too hot also wear out more quickly. The most common scooter breakdown is for tyre damage.
Purchase a pencil-type tyre gauge and use it regularly until you instinctively 'know' what your tyres feel like correctly inflated. Use of the gauge and visual inspections must become second nature.
Replace your tyres sooner rather than later. If tread depth is 1-2mm it is time to replace your tyres. Take a tip from the mad sport bikers and the canyon racers - they never skimp on their tyres as they are often all that stands between them and the pearly gates.
Tip: Brake fluid absorbs moisture over time and becomes less effective. Replace brake fluid every one to two years and your brakes will perform the best they can.
Check the thickness of the brake pads. If you allow them to go right down to the metal your brake disc will be damaged resulting in an unnecessary and expensive replacement. Fitting braided steel brake lines will increase the performance of your brakes by roughly 50%
Tip: Check your fuel filter on a regular basis and replace every 2 years.
Fuel is quite as often overlooked as a form of preventative maintenance on a scooter.
Check the fuel filter (if you have one) to make sure it is not clogged and looks clean and clear. Replace fuel filters every 2 years.
Check the fuel lines for weather damage and cracking, replace immediately if any is found.
Tip: Check your oil level when it is cold before you go on a ride. If it is not at its high or max level, top it up before going out.
Regular oil and filter changes will keep your scooter young and healthy.
Tip: Make sure you turn the SKAD box light off after the end of service, every night. Otherwise when you try to start the scooter the next morning, you will find the battery is flat and needs to be replaced!
The humble battery is a very common cause for scooter breakdowns! A battery only requires a little monthly maintenance to perform perfectly. Simply do not leave the SKAD box light on for longer than 20 minutes when the bike is stationary.
Keep the battery charged to 100%, recharging when the lights dim, the starter sounds weak, or when the battery has not been used in more than two weeks.
Tightening of Fasteners
Ensure tightening of following fasteners to specified torques:
- Cylinder head 14 5-15 9 Lb-Ft
- Handle bar 23 1-27 5 Lb-Ft
- Wheel nut 14 5-19 5 Lb-Ft
- Front axle nut 36 1-39 8 Lb-Ft
Each time you go out for a ride on your scooter, you should routinely check a few things to make sure they are running right:
• Lights come on
• Indicator signals are working
• Tyres are fully inflated
• Brakes—both front ones and back ones—working correctly
• Petrol tank should always be above a quarter of a tank
• Adequate motor oil
• Adequate coolant, for water-cooled engines
• Illuminated Box lights up when switched on
There is never a more important period in the life of your engine than the period between 0 and 1600 km (1000 mi). If you do not follow the below instructions and do not run the engine in slowly, it could lead to an engine seizure. For this reason, you should read the following material carefully.
Since the engine is brand new, do not put an excessive load on it for the first 1600 km (1000 mi). The various parts in the engine wear and polish themselves to the correct operating clearances. During this period, prolonged full-throttle operation or any condition that might result in engine overheating must be avoided.
Ride your scooter quite gently for the first 40km (25 miles). The maximum speed recommended during this running period of time should not exceed 50 km’s per hour, with no rapid acceleration.
Do not start moving or race the engine immediately after starting, allow the engine to run for a minimum of 1 minute at idle speed to give the oil a chance to work up into the engine.
During the break in period try to vary the engine speed as much as possible. It is good to speed up and slow down and not ride at a constant throttle setting for long periods. Also avoid rapid starts and let the engine warm up for about a minute before moving off when you first start the scooter from cold to allow the oil to circulate.